With the growth of an information industry that comprehensively processes information about people, the benefit-risk aspect has changed. The benefits shifted to organizations and society, but the risk remained for the individual. The traditional characterization of data protection through record-keeping is far too limited given the intense pace of accounting automation and the electronic interconnection of systems of all kinds. Two of President Clinton`s health care reform task forces met in the spring of 1993. They examined the impact and developed plans for the protection of health-related data to be collected and retained as part of the government`s proposal for health care reform. The legislative proposals of the Health Security Act contain specific provisions to protect privacy.3 The tool or scale you would use for a targeted neurological assessment of your client is the rancho los amigos scale. In addition to the current risk of privacy breaches and the risk of harm caused by inaccurate data inherent in the paper file, the existence of an accumulation of valuable data will produce new users, new access requirements and new justifications for expanded access. In terms of autonomy, privacy promotes and enhances a sense of self (Reiman, 1976). Privacy increases a person`s autonomy (Westin, 1967; Benn, 1971; Bloustein, 1984). It allows the individual to develop the capacity to be autonomous or „sovereign“, a similar concept in the sense that autonomous states are sovereign (Beauchamp and Childress, 1989). The loss or deterioration of privacy may allow others to exercise excessive power over the economic, social and psychological well-being of the individual (Gavison, 1980; Parent, 1983). „The client will be free of constipation“ requires interventions such as an enema, which are not indicated if death is imminent, unless it affects the client with pain and discomfort, which is not the case with this client.
In addition, the administration of an antiemetic for the prevention of vomiting is not indicated, since in this question there is no evidence that the client actually vomits. Insurance coverage and marital status are examples. However, some elements could be considered sensitive due to the social stigma that could occur when they are exposed. Examples include sexual preference, address, or receiving benefits. Under a disclosure policy, any personal or identifiable information that OHFs may access would be available to participating parties for any purpose and without specific authorization. Exceptions would apply to particularly sensitive types of data, such as.B. records on drug abuse, AIDS and genetic testing. Even under applicable law, most of these documents cannot be made available without express permission. Adopting a disclosure-based approach would also make most personal data available to third parties, provided that the user has a legitimate business purpose to access the information. In the Privacy Act of 1974—largely in response to the position of a committee of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (USDHEW, 1973) that had investigated the issue—Congress prohibited states from using the NSS for census systems except by the authority of Congress; However, States that were already using it were allowed to continue.
However, the Tax Reform Act of 1976 undermined this position by empowering states to use the SNN for a variety of systems: state or local tax authorities, social welfare systems, driver`s license systems, motor vehicle departments, and systems for finding parents who are late in court-imposed child support (OTA, 1986). In the context of the healing relationship, four justifications for medical confidentiality can be proposed (adapted by Faden, 1993). First and foremost, respect for the patient`s privacy and autonomy. In the first practice of medicine, doctors treated patients at home, and medical privacy was an extension of the intimacy of the home. The Hippocratic Oath, for example, justifies confidentiality for no reason other than privacy. If information about a patient`s mind and body is considered an extension of the patient, then the concept of autonomy requires that the patient be able to control the disclosure and use of that information. The value attached to personal autonomy leads to the notion of informed consent. As stated by Justice Benjamin N. Cardozo in his findings in Schloendorff v.
Society of New York Hospital, 211 N.Y. 125, „Every person in adulthood and in a good sense has the right to determine what should happen to his or her body. The minimum essential elements of the training that takes place before obtaining informed consent include the purpose of the proposed treatment or procedure, the expected results of the proposed treatment or procedure, and the person who will perform the treatment or procedure. It is not necessary to indicate when the treatment or procedure will be carried out at that time. The importance of consent as a concept and appropriate procedures for implementing consent is underscored by the large number of uses of RHOs. Given this diversity, it is difficult to argue that by providing information, data subjects were implying their consent to subsequent uses and disclosures. It may well be that the recording subjects have little or no idea of the number or variety of disclosures that could be made by an HDO. .